Bahamas – Its History, Economy and Governance

Bahamas – Its History, Economy and Governance

Bahamas, formally titled the “Commonwealth of the Bahamas”, is an archipelago lying off the south-east coastline of Florida, Usa and north of Cuba. The Bahamas is composed of additional than 700 islands and more than 1000 cays and rocks covering an area of much more than 5,000 sq. mi (virtually 14,000 sq. km.) and a populace of more than 300,000. Only about 30 islands are inhabited. The premier island is Andros but New Providence is the most populous. The cash Nassau is located on this island. Eighty-five per cent of the inhabitants is built up of Afro-Bahamians, the rest are Europeans with a slender minority remaining Asians. The principal languages are English, Creole Spanish and Portuguese. The nation is predominantly Christian in faith with the largest denominations becoming the Baptist, Anglican and Roman Catholics. The literacy price is one particular of the greatest in the earth at 95.6{6146c35448480150dd9eae763dbc2b693fee29074db8ae2568ac3ba41be86da4} when the lifestyle expectancy is place at 63.

History and Governance

The country’s history can be traced back to the 1st landing of Christopher Columbus, who is said to have landed on San Salvador, an island in the south of Bahamas. Quite a few of the locals have been enslaved and deported to Spain and the location was mainly deserted right until the arrival of the British who set up settlements in the area. The islands then came less than the British Empire. Subsequent the American Groundbreaking War, the African slaves in the Usa who experienced fought on the British facet, in the conflict had been expelled and had been resettled in this article by the British. The place became internally self-governing in 1964 and entirely unbiased in 1973. The govt is a constitutional parliamentary democracy primarily based on the lines of the Westminster product of the United Kingdom. The nominal head of point out is Queen Elizabeth and the crown’s acting head is a Governor Standard. The head of the federal government is the Prime Minister. The Bahamas has been a peaceful nation and has not witnessed any violent coups or unrest.


Economically, tourism is the largest funds spinner for this island country with virtually 50 percent of the GDP coming from this sector on your own and using most of the persons in the islands. The sunshine kissed seashores of the islands and the friendly party ambiance of the locals all have a tendency to perform a significant aspect in the islands’ attraction. Additional, the islands remaining near to the United States of The usa, have a substantial share of guests from there who favor the Bahamas as a location for its “tropical paradise” allure. Numerous deals and excursions exist for the Bahamas and the price staying rather more cost-effective than mainland United states has boosted its enchantment to everyone in North America. The economic climate of the region also relies on fishing, which is the principal occupation subsequent only to tourism. Veggies and fruits are also grown in abundance. With a world absolutely free trade, the Bahamas has benefited the most with lots of banking and expense businesses environment up shop in the islands. The country has a for each capita revenue of additional than $20,000 putting it in the top rated 50 list. Bahamas’ currency is the Bahamas Dollar.